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600 take part in huge military parade (From Western Telegraph)

600 take part in huge military parade 8:00pm Monday 21st July 2014 in County News 1 PRIDE OF WALES: The Welsh Guards at Pembroke Dock. PICTURE: Martin Cavaney. (8435922) THE Welsh Guards led one of the biggest military parades Pembroke Dock has ever seen on Saturday (July 19). The bicentenary parade stepped-off from Pembroke Dock Community School at 11am, making its way through the town to the Royal Dockyard Chapel.

The Fanfarenzug Stadt Band which was on a twinning visit from Bergen, Germany – Pembroke Borough Silver band and Haverfordwest ATC Band were on parade. About 100 standards from across Pembrokeshire, Ceredigion and Carmarthenshire and about 600 people, including troops from 14 Signal Regiment (Electronic Warfare) based at Brawdy, and Army, Air Force, Royal Marine and sea cadets also took part. Pembrokeshire district parade marshal David Boswell said: It was a damn good parade.

He added: It s always a proud moment to have the Welsh Guards leading the way, it s excellent. The Welsh Guards put the shine on the boots but at the end of the day if none of the other people had come it would have been a flop. They came from all around South Wales to make this parade for Pembroke Dock a real success and I thank them all.

Bicentenary coordinator Martin Cavaney said: It was a very, very successful weekend the town was very, very busy and there were a lot of people in the centre of town. We were very pleased. On Sunday (July 20) afternoon the Fanfarenzug Stadt Band and members of the Schutencorp (Shooting Club Members) from Bergen paraded along Pembroke Main Street to the Castle for a performance.

References ^ County News (www.westerntelegraph.co.uk)

See the article here: 600 take part in huge military parade (From Western Telegraph)

Survival or Not of Wartime Special Forces

The regular SAS had been disbanded at the end of the Second World War. Now, it was reformed in Malaya, with a strength of 3 squadrons. Small patrols of SAS moved deep into the jungle, and soon became skilled in jungle warfare and survival skills.

Several Iban tribesman were brought in from Borneo, to teach the soldiers how to track and detect the faintest traces left by the guerrillas. A plan to assault the rebel stronghold on the Jebel Akhdar mountain, using 4 battalions (around 4000 men), was rejected as politically impossible, so it was decided to, instead, deploy a single squadron of SAS soldiers (64 men), although another squadron later arrived. They faced a formidable task the mountains had last been conquered almost 2000 years before, and the only way up them were narrow tracks which passed steep ravines and gorges, and were overlooked by higher ground.

At 8:30, 26 January, 1959, D squadron begin to march up the south side of the mountain. Each man had to carry 54 kilos (119lbs) of equipment up 7,000 feet (2kms) of steep and difficult ground. Many men passed out, but, thankfully, the route was only lightly guarded due to a diversionary attack at Tanuf.

The survival of the British SAS, alone among wartime special forces teams, is a textbook example of political escape and evasion. Though the Socialist Attlee government had decreed that it must die, in the gloomy corridors of the War Office a cell was created in 1946 to consider the future of SF, if any. It concluded that in the next European war, there would be no static front lines.

It acknowledged that small parties of stay-behind forces could punch above their weight, so long as they did not try to take over the functions of SIS or become a reborn SOE. In what was an obvious compromise between letting the government have its way over Special Forces and covering an unguarded military flank, the War Office gave its blessing, in principle, to the creation of a reserve, Territorial Army (National Guard) unit. This exercise was massaged by the ubiquitous Brian Franks, former boss of 2 SAS in Occupied France.

Over later years, he would emerge as a key player in the continuance of special operations, not all of them not authorized by government. Between 1946 and 1947, Franks took two initiatives. First, he arranged for the Gladio network, promoted by the SIS chief, Sir Stewart Menzies, in various European capitals, to be serviced by British Liaison Officers who were former SAS and SOE operators.

He also arranged for a respected reserve regiment, the Artists Rifles, to be reborn as 21 SAS (Artists). Founded in 1859, the Artists accommodated such creative spirits as William Morris, Wilfred Owen, and Noel Coward and turned them into soldiers. It was disbanded in 1945 and reconstituted as an officer-training team two years later.

By a process that is still not clear, Brian Franks arranged for the resurrected Artists to become 21 SAS (Artists) (Reserve). A humble national guard unit, 21 SAS was licensed to prepare for a stay-behind role in Germany, to wage guerrilla war against the Warsaw Pact invaders and identify targets for nuclear weapons. It was an awesome responsibility for weekend soldiers.

The SAS reservists prepared by digging large holes in German soil for use as hides. In time, it found another role as a supplier of deniable soldiers for clandestine missions far from Europe and a recruitment agency for well-connected mercenaries. On the other side of the world, in the Malayan jungle, a very different sort of conflict was about to have a decisive impact on the SAS phenomenon.

In the spring of 1948, ethnic Chinese Malayans, armed with an arsenal of British and Japanese weapons, began an offensive to turn Malaya into a Communist state. The emergency had a shocking beginning. Small groups of armed Chinese entered rubber plantations, seized their Chinese foremen, and summoned villagers to witness the executions of these alleged enemies of the people.

On 16 June, three young Chinese men cycled into Elphil Estate in Perak and shot dead a fifty-year-old British planter, Arthur Walker. A few miles away, Ian Christian and his manager, J. Alison, were bound to chairs and murdered in the same fashion.

One of the most charismatic leaders of the insurgency was Chin Peng, OBE. During the Japanese occupation, Chin Peng had worked with British agents from SOE s Force 136 and with Spencer Chapman, to whom he was a true friend. It is believed that Chin took part in the London Victory Parade in 1945.

But then he turned his guns on Britain. He became leader of the Communist guerrillas and took to the jungle. Chin Peng did not give up easily.

His war against the British and Malayan governments continued until 1989. In 2008 he was living in exile in Thailand, hoping to return to Malaysia. In 1950, to fight this latest jungle conflict, Brigadier Mad Mike Calvert, a wartime SAS commander and heavyweight boxing champion, was instructed to raise a force able to survive in the jungle for long periods, taking the battle to the Communists on their own ground.

It was a novel idea at the time. Calvert was expected to create the new force almost overnight. He raised the Malayan Scouts, which he then renamed the Malayan Scouts (SAS).

They were a very mixed bunch. There were some excellent veterans from SOE, SAS, Ferret Force, and Force 136. A squadron of 21 SAS reservists, on its way to the Korean War, was diverted to join the Scouts.

Calvert also recruited 1,000 volunteers from Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), a group that would re-emerge later as C Squadron, SAS. It still exists as a phantom squadron. Calvert also acquired some cowboys whose units were glad to be rid of them.

A handful of National Service conscripts was added to the mix. At that time, the prolonged selection process for which the SAS would become a world leader did not exist. Calvert once told the author that the Scouts had similarities, in his mind, with the Black And Tans as an ad hoc formation that could be readily disbanded if it provoked a political row.

No surprises there: most Special Forces units are ad hoc, temporary entities, dispersed when their work is done. The Scouts were withdrawn in 1951 to be reorganized as 22 SAS Regiment under a new commander and retrained at the Jungle Warfare School, Kota Tingi, Malaya. This was an interesting establishment that subequently trained Australian SAS soldiers to fight in Vietnam.

Run by a veteran jungle fighter named John Cross, it replicated some very evil jungle booby traps used by the Vietminh. Colonel Cross could imitate most of the bird calls to be heard in the jungle. During the Second World War, serving with the Gurkha Rifles, he heard a call that belonged to a nocturnal bird.

It was mid-morning. He set up an ambush and waited for the Japanese patrol to walk into it. Did it work?

We killed every last one of them, he once told the author. The reformed SAS returned to the jungle, fighting an often clandestine campaign until around 1960. Further changes from 1955 resulted from the appointment of Lieutenant Colonel George Lea, an Arnhem veteran, as commanding officer.

Lea sacked the most ineffective officers and recruited some new talent including Lieutenant Peter de la Billiere. As a Lieutenant General, he led British forces in the first Gulf War in 1990 91. By 1956 five SAS squadrons totaling 560 men were operating in the Malayan jungle.

But as yet, it was still an ad hoc force of the sort envisioned by Calvert. There was always a darker side to the evolution of these forces. The same individuals who led by heroic example in the Second World War were thrust into counter-insurgency campaigns later perceived as dirty wars in which they matched evil with evil.

Some of the Long Range Desert Group, having taken prisoners who were an embarrassment since there was no provision for POWs in the Libyan desert considered murdering their captives. They did not do so, releasing them to their fate in the wilderness instead. In the 1930s Wingate s Special Night Squads, hunting Arab saboteurs in Palestine, were disbanded because of the treatment of captives and because the SNS, like the Black And Tans in Ireland in the twenties, provoked rebellion rather than suppressing it.

During the Vietnam War, the Green Beret affair arose from the unauthorized killing of a double agent in 1969. The most dramatic moral breakdown, however, occurred not within the ranks of the SAS or SBS or their American counterparts in OSS, but within the U.S. Navy s equivalent, the Office of Naval Intelligence, which lubricated the Allied advance across Sicily in 1943 by cutting deals with the Sicilian Mafia, first in New York and later in Sicily itself.

This morally ambiguous strategy was followed, as noted above, by OSS arrangements in Italy with Italian Fascists in the organization of shadowy anti-Soviet stay-behind units known loosely as Gladio, The Sword. In Italy, Germany, and Belgium, assassins linked to Gladio teams took direct action against communists suspected of being part of a fifth column prepared to run Moscow-puppet governments should the Red Army overrun the country. The organic nature of the Gladio network after it was secretly adopted by NATO made it inevitable that some operators from these countries were trained in Britain and elsewhere by British and American Special Forces, just like the Afghan mujahideen in the 1980s.

For four decades after the Second World War, the British army had two commitments. The first, known as Priority One, was the defense of Western Europe from attack by the Red Army and its allies. These were edgy times.

As Sir John Killick, British ambassador to NATO, told the author during those years: We know their capabilities. We do not know their intentions. It does not seem to have struck Western governments that the Soviets, having lost 26 million dead following Germany s invasion, might have felt it needed buffer states in eastern Europe as an insurance against a repeat performance.

Meanwhile, the scope for Special Forces activity in the frozen strategy of the Cold War in western Europe a potential conflict between lumbering dinosaurs was limited, but not impossible. In Europe, throughout the forty-four years of the Cold War, a team unconnected with the wartime freemasonry founded by Gubbins and Stirling operated across the front line alongside the agent-running arm of SIS. It was known as Brixmis, or the British Commanders -in-Chief Mission to the Soviet Forces in Germany.

It answered to the intelligence secretariat of the Ministry of Defence and unlike the Foreign Office (vide Philby) or CIA (vide Aldrich Ames) it was never penetrated by the KGB. Its intelligence product was sent to Washington, sometimes before it reached London. From 1947 two similar, smaller missions worked alongside Brixmis.

These were the U.S. Military Liaison Mission, which included Major Arthur Nicholson, and the French MLM. Meanwhile in Northern Ireland, from 1969 onwards, following the explosion of resentment among the minority Catholic population in response to the government s failure to provide equal rights in voting, jobs, and housing, street politics boiled over to become an insurgency and full-blown campaign of terrorism.

British intelligence was caught by surprise, asserting that the IRA was a long-dead, moribund force.

After Gunner Robert Curtis, the first British casualty, was shot dead in Belfast in February 1971, elements of Britain s conventional green army, configured for the European battlefield, adopted counter-insurgency methods including the use of civilian clothes, burglary of private homes to plant bugs, and assassination.

For many soldiers it was a schizophrenic experience in which the Red Army s tank divisions were the threat during one operational tour, while at other times the Improvised Explosive Device teams of the IRA awaited them on the back streets of Belfast.

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Survival or Not of Wartime Special Forces

You're in the Army now: First Step, football and feeling good | The …

My name is Andrew Vaughan, I am 25 years old and this is my story so far. I have just finished my fifth week of Phase 1 training at ATR Winchester where I hope to go on to join the Royal Artillery. Monday Recruit Vaughan Today was spent on the ranges, only this time we were firing at ranges of 50m and 100m.

Going by my previous poor efforts I wasn t feeling very confident. Before we got started however we were given the opportunity to bore sight our weapon to line up the sight to the aperture. Mine was way off!

Hopefully this would explain my woeful accuracy. We were divided into two groups and our group were first up to go behind the range as Butts Party which involved raising the targets and patching up the holes. This gave us the opportunity to relax for a while and have some coffee on a wet Monday morning, which was awesome.

I ve never enjoyed Mondays before in any previous job; this is a refreshing first! Our time came and we took turns firing at the different distances in different positions. I later found out that I was hitting the white patch of the target more often than not at 100m, which has filled me with confidence that perhaps I m not as terrible as I thought.

The rest of the day was spent waterproofing our kit and packing our bergens for Exercise FIRST STEP. A good few hours went into this, forgetting kit for exercise isn t advisable! Tuesday We spent the morning unpacking our bergens and showing our Section Commanders that we had all our kit.

Once all was confirmed, we set off for Exercise FIRST STEP. We arrived at our harbour area and were taught how we occupy one, then proceeded to do so. We were also taught about fire control orders, snap ambushes and sentry duties to name a few.

We set up our bashas, cooked our rations on our hexi cookers (which tasted awesome) and began stag rotation. My shift was 0100-0300 hrs. Staying awake was hard work but not as hard as finding my way back to my basha in the pitch black!

A long, fun and educational first day. Setting up our bashers Wednesday Reveille at 0430 hrs and after stand to straight into morning routine. This involves cleaning your rifle, wash/shave, boots and breakfast.

It hadn t stopped raining and the mud hindered us slightly. We failed our morning inspection and were debriefed by our Section Commanders; a good start to the day. Lessons came thick and fast where we were taught hand signals for patrolling, firing manoeuvres, monkey runs, and casevacs to name a few.

We were able to practise firing manoeuvres with blank rounds which was good fun and were also treated to a demonstration on how to suppress the enemy; something we can look forward to during Exercise HALFWAY. After dinner and lessons I took my position for stag duty at 2100 hrs. Stand-to was called and I had forgotten to pack my roll mat onto my Bergen.

Others had made similar mistakes and we were all disciplined by our Section Commanders. Lesson learned however. Once we d finished our re-education we went straight onto a night patrol; using our hand signals to keep silent and also incorporating our map reading skills, which was useful.

After the patrol, I had the job of setting up my sleeping area in darkness, a skill I need to get used to sharpish! With casevacing, leopard crawling and furious note taking, I was out like a light once I finally found my sleeping bag! Thursday Up again at 0430 hrs, this time with more sleep and a better understanding of what needs doing when.

A frantic morning routine took place and I thankfully wasn t scrutinised too heavily when inspected. Phew! Before we left our harbour area to head back to camp, we had to erase any evidence we were ever there.

This meant taking down our bashas, destroying the sentry positions we had made and removing tracks. After that we set off. When back at camp, we were tasked with completely cleaning our rifle of carbon, dirt and rust.

Carbon gets everywhere. Every time we thought we had our rifle clean, our Section Commander would instantly find more carbon! Eventually our rifles were to an ok standard and returned to the armoury.

We then had PT which was an intense swimming session. Muscle-ups and in-outs (in and out the pool quick-time) were the name of the game and we were even more exhausted than before. The final task was to climb up the diving board, turn around and fall backwards.

For some reason, the idea of doing this didn t agree with me at all. I couldn t breathe and began to violently shake. My first panic attack brilliant.

The PTI saw me and managed to calm me down, but I now felt like a wimp in front of my troop, not a great feeling. Wanting to face my fear, I ended up jumping off the board a few times normally. Still felt like a let-down though!

After swimming we had drill to try and polish up our skills for our drill test next Thursday. We want to pass, but we also want to be the best troop. Fingers crossed!

Friday In the morning we had sports for PT where our troop played football. I prefer this sort of exercise as you re not as aware how much running you re doing. The downside is I m horrendous at football.

With a last minute winner (which I even contributed to sort of), our team won 7-6. Happy with that! Afterwards we had another lecture on military law where we were told about chargeable offences such as falling asleep on stag.

Must make sure not to let this happen to me. We had an evening drill lesson, again just to brush up our skills. The downside to evening drill is the uniform.

A heavy green jumper which itches like mad and made me heave just putting it on a sight my section enjoyed immensely! After drill our time was our own. Admin it is.

Saturday In the morning we weighed our webbing and bergens for our first 10kg TAB (Tactical Advance to Battle). This is basically a fast-paced walk with bouts of jogging thrown in. None of us found this too bad, which is a good sign, although we all know this won t be the case for long!

After this was more drill, something we re all now not too shabby at. Sunday Today was our first opportunity to deal with the public as the face of the British Army. We were to act as marshals during a 26-mile charity run for Naomi House Children s hospice in Hampshire a very worthwhile charity.

Me and another recruit had checkpoint 28, five miles from the finish line and so would be trying to give the runners that last bit of encouragement needed to get them to the end. During our stint as marshals, we had kids waving at us, adults smiling at us, a local resident even brought out coffee and homemade cookies to us. It s a really good feeling doing a job which is appreciated by so many and I m prouder than ever to be doing what I m doing.

Despite being a long day, I m glad we did it and glad we were able to help out towards such a good cause. Visit Recruit Vaughan s page 1 and read about his journey Find out about joining the Army 2 Find out about ATR Winchester 3 This entry was posted in Army 4 , ATR Winchester 5 , Phase1 6 , Royal Artillery 7 and tagged a taste of Army 8 , adsc 9 , afco 10 , army development and selection centre 11 , army training centre 12 , army training regiment 13 , atr winchester 14 , basic training 15 , Biological 16 , British Army 17 , Casualty Drill 18 , CBRN (Chemical 19 , close combat 20 , core values 21 , inspection 22 , instructor 23 , interview 24 , jerry can test 25 , join the army 26 , marksmanship 27 , military 28 , phase 1 29 , Phase 1 training 30 , physical training 31 , pirbright 32 , PT , Radiological and Nuclear) 33 , realities of war 34 , Recruit 35 , recruit vaughan 36 , Recruit Andrew Vaughan 37 , rifle 38 , Royal Artillery 39 , running club 40 , soldier 41 , the Army 42 , training 43 , Troop Commander 44 , Troop Sergeant 45 , Winchester 46 . Bookmark the permalink 47 .

References ^ Recruit Vaughan (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ Joining the Army (www.army.mod.uk) ^ ATR Winchester (www.army.mod.uk) ^ Army (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ ATR Winchester (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ Phase1 (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ Royal Artillery (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ a taste of Army (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ adsc (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ afco (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ army development and selection centre (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ army training centre (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ army training regiment (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ atr winchester (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ basic training (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ Biological (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ British Army (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ Casualty Drill (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ CBRN (Chemical (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ close combat (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ core values (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ inspection (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ instructor (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ interview (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ jerry can test (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ join the army (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ marksmanship (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ military (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ phase 1 (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ Phase 1 training (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ physical training (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ pirbright (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ Radiological and Nuclear) (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ realities of war (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ Recruit (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ recruit vaughan (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ Recruit Andrew Vaughan (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ rifle (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ Royal Artillery (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ running club (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ soldier (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ the Army (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ training (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ Troop Commander (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ Troop Sergeant (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ Winchester (britisharmy.wordpress.com) ^ Permalink to You re in the Army now: First Step, football and feeling good (britisharmy.wordpress.com)

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