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Survival or Not of Wartime Special Forces

The regular SAS had been disbanded at the end of the Second World War. Now, it was reformed in Malaya, with a strength of 3 squadrons. Small patrols of SAS moved deep into the jungle, and soon became skilled in jungle warfare and survival skills.

Several Iban tribesman were brought in from Borneo, to teach the soldiers how to track and detect the faintest traces left by the guerrillas. A plan to assault the rebel stronghold on the Jebel Akhdar mountain, using 4 battalions (around 4000 men), was rejected as politically impossible, so it was decided to, instead, deploy a single squadron of SAS soldiers (64 men), although another squadron later arrived. They faced a formidable task the mountains had last been conquered almost 2000 years before, and the only way up them were narrow tracks which passed steep ravines and gorges, and were overlooked by higher ground.

At 8:30, 26 January, 1959, D squadron begin to march up the south side of the mountain. Each man had to carry 54 kilos (119lbs) of equipment up 7,000 feet (2kms) of steep and difficult ground. Many men passed out, but, thankfully, the route was only lightly guarded due to a diversionary attack at Tanuf.

The survival of the British SAS, alone among wartime special forces teams, is a textbook example of political escape and evasion. Though the Socialist Attlee government had decreed that it must die, in the gloomy corridors of the War Office a cell was created in 1946 to consider the future of SF, if any. It concluded that in the next European war, there would be no static front lines.

It acknowledged that small parties of stay-behind forces could punch above their weight, so long as they did not try to take over the functions of SIS or become a reborn SOE. In what was an obvious compromise between letting the government have its way over Special Forces and covering an unguarded military flank, the War Office gave its blessing, in principle, to the creation of a reserve, Territorial Army (National Guard) unit. This exercise was massaged by the ubiquitous Brian Franks, former boss of 2 SAS in Occupied France.

Over later years, he would emerge as a key player in the continuance of special operations, not all of them not authorized by government. Between 1946 and 1947, Franks took two initiatives. First, he arranged for the Gladio network, promoted by the SIS chief, Sir Stewart Menzies, in various European capitals, to be serviced by British Liaison Officers who were former SAS and SOE operators.

He also arranged for a respected reserve regiment, the Artists Rifles, to be reborn as 21 SAS (Artists). Founded in 1859, the Artists accommodated such creative spirits as William Morris, Wilfred Owen, and Noel Coward and turned them into soldiers. It was disbanded in 1945 and reconstituted as an officer-training team two years later.

By a process that is still not clear, Brian Franks arranged for the resurrected Artists to become 21 SAS (Artists) (Reserve). A humble national guard unit, 21 SAS was licensed to prepare for a stay-behind role in Germany, to wage guerrilla war against the Warsaw Pact invaders and identify targets for nuclear weapons. It was an awesome responsibility for weekend soldiers.

The SAS reservists prepared by digging large holes in German soil for use as hides. In time, it found another role as a supplier of deniable soldiers for clandestine missions far from Europe and a recruitment agency for well-connected mercenaries. On the other side of the world, in the Malayan jungle, a very different sort of conflict was about to have a decisive impact on the SAS phenomenon.

In the spring of 1948, ethnic Chinese Malayans, armed with an arsenal of British and Japanese weapons, began an offensive to turn Malaya into a Communist state. The emergency had a shocking beginning. Small groups of armed Chinese entered rubber plantations, seized their Chinese foremen, and summoned villagers to witness the executions of these alleged enemies of the people.

On 16 June, three young Chinese men cycled into Elphil Estate in Perak and shot dead a fifty-year-old British planter, Arthur Walker. A few miles away, Ian Christian and his manager, J. Alison, were bound to chairs and murdered in the same fashion.

One of the most charismatic leaders of the insurgency was Chin Peng, OBE. During the Japanese occupation, Chin Peng had worked with British agents from SOE s Force 136 and with Spencer Chapman, to whom he was a true friend. It is believed that Chin took part in the London Victory Parade in 1945.

But then he turned his guns on Britain. He became leader of the Communist guerrillas and took to the jungle. Chin Peng did not give up easily.

His war against the British and Malayan governments continued until 1989. In 2008 he was living in exile in Thailand, hoping to return to Malaysia. In 1950, to fight this latest jungle conflict, Brigadier Mad Mike Calvert, a wartime SAS commander and heavyweight boxing champion, was instructed to raise a force able to survive in the jungle for long periods, taking the battle to the Communists on their own ground.

It was a novel idea at the time. Calvert was expected to create the new force almost overnight. He raised the Malayan Scouts, which he then renamed the Malayan Scouts (SAS).

They were a very mixed bunch. There were some excellent veterans from SOE, SAS, Ferret Force, and Force 136. A squadron of 21 SAS reservists, on its way to the Korean War, was diverted to join the Scouts.

Calvert also recruited 1,000 volunteers from Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), a group that would re-emerge later as C Squadron, SAS. It still exists as a phantom squadron. Calvert also acquired some cowboys whose units were glad to be rid of them.

A handful of National Service conscripts was added to the mix. At that time, the prolonged selection process for which the SAS would become a world leader did not exist. Calvert once told the author that the Scouts had similarities, in his mind, with the Black And Tans as an ad hoc formation that could be readily disbanded if it provoked a political row.

No surprises there: most Special Forces units are ad hoc, temporary entities, dispersed when their work is done. The Scouts were withdrawn in 1951 to be reorganized as 22 SAS Regiment under a new commander and retrained at the Jungle Warfare School, Kota Tingi, Malaya. This was an interesting establishment that subequently trained Australian SAS soldiers to fight in Vietnam.

Run by a veteran jungle fighter named John Cross, it replicated some very evil jungle booby traps used by the Vietminh. Colonel Cross could imitate most of the bird calls to be heard in the jungle. During the Second World War, serving with the Gurkha Rifles, he heard a call that belonged to a nocturnal bird.

It was mid-morning. He set up an ambush and waited for the Japanese patrol to walk into it. Did it work?

We killed every last one of them, he once told the author. The reformed SAS returned to the jungle, fighting an often clandestine campaign until around 1960. Further changes from 1955 resulted from the appointment of Lieutenant Colonel George Lea, an Arnhem veteran, as commanding officer.

Lea sacked the most ineffective officers and recruited some new talent including Lieutenant Peter de la Billiere. As a Lieutenant General, he led British forces in the first Gulf War in 1990 91. By 1956 five SAS squadrons totaling 560 men were operating in the Malayan jungle.

But as yet, it was still an ad hoc force of the sort envisioned by Calvert. There was always a darker side to the evolution of these forces. The same individuals who led by heroic example in the Second World War were thrust into counter-insurgency campaigns later perceived as dirty wars in which they matched evil with evil.

Some of the Long Range Desert Group, having taken prisoners who were an embarrassment since there was no provision for POWs in the Libyan desert considered murdering their captives. They did not do so, releasing them to their fate in the wilderness instead. In the 1930s Wingate s Special Night Squads, hunting Arab saboteurs in Palestine, were disbanded because of the treatment of captives and because the SNS, like the Black And Tans in Ireland in the twenties, provoked rebellion rather than suppressing it.

During the Vietnam War, the Green Beret affair arose from the unauthorized killing of a double agent in 1969. The most dramatic moral breakdown, however, occurred not within the ranks of the SAS or SBS or their American counterparts in OSS, but within the U.S. Navy s equivalent, the Office of Naval Intelligence, which lubricated the Allied advance across Sicily in 1943 by cutting deals with the Sicilian Mafia, first in New York and later in Sicily itself.

This morally ambiguous strategy was followed, as noted above, by OSS arrangements in Italy with Italian Fascists in the organization of shadowy anti-Soviet stay-behind units known loosely as Gladio, The Sword. In Italy, Germany, and Belgium, assassins linked to Gladio teams took direct action against communists suspected of being part of a fifth column prepared to run Moscow-puppet governments should the Red Army overrun the country. The organic nature of the Gladio network after it was secretly adopted by NATO made it inevitable that some operators from these countries were trained in Britain and elsewhere by British and American Special Forces, just like the Afghan mujahideen in the 1980s.

For four decades after the Second World War, the British army had two commitments. The first, known as Priority One, was the defense of Western Europe from attack by the Red Army and its allies. These were edgy times.

As Sir John Killick, British ambassador to NATO, told the author during those years: We know their capabilities. We do not know their intentions. It does not seem to have struck Western governments that the Soviets, having lost 26 million dead following Germany s invasion, might have felt it needed buffer states in eastern Europe as an insurance against a repeat performance.

Meanwhile, the scope for Special Forces activity in the frozen strategy of the Cold War in western Europe a potential conflict between lumbering dinosaurs was limited, but not impossible. In Europe, throughout the forty-four years of the Cold War, a team unconnected with the wartime freemasonry founded by Gubbins and Stirling operated across the front line alongside the agent-running arm of SIS. It was known as Brixmis, or the British Commanders -in-Chief Mission to the Soviet Forces in Germany.

It answered to the intelligence secretariat of the Ministry of Defence and unlike the Foreign Office (vide Philby) or CIA (vide Aldrich Ames) it was never penetrated by the KGB. Its intelligence product was sent to Washington, sometimes before it reached London. From 1947 two similar, smaller missions worked alongside Brixmis.

These were the U.S. Military Liaison Mission, which included Major Arthur Nicholson, and the French MLM. Meanwhile in Northern Ireland, from 1969 onwards, following the explosion of resentment among the minority Catholic population in response to the government s failure to provide equal rights in voting, jobs, and housing, street politics boiled over to become an insurgency and full-blown campaign of terrorism.

British intelligence was caught by surprise, asserting that the IRA was a long-dead, moribund force.

After Gunner Robert Curtis, the first British casualty, was shot dead in Belfast in February 1971, elements of Britain s conventional green army, configured for the European battlefield, adopted counter-insurgency methods including the use of civilian clothes, burglary of private homes to plant bugs, and assassination.

For many soldiers it was a schizophrenic experience in which the Red Army s tank divisions were the threat during one operational tour, while at other times the Improvised Explosive Device teams of the IRA awaited them on the back streets of Belfast.

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Survival or Not of Wartime Special Forces

You're in the Army now: First Step, football and feeling good | The …

My name is Andrew Vaughan, I am 25 years old and this is my story so far. I have just finished my fifth week of Phase 1 training at ATR Winchester where I hope to go on to join the Royal Artillery. Monday Recruit Vaughan Today was spent on the ranges, only this time we were firing at ranges of 50m and 100m.

Going by my previous poor efforts I wasn t feeling very confident. Before we got started however we were given the opportunity to bore sight our weapon to line up the sight to the aperture. Mine was way off!

Hopefully this would explain my woeful accuracy. We were divided into two groups and our group were first up to go behind the range as Butts Party which involved raising the targets and patching up the holes. This gave us the opportunity to relax for a while and have some coffee on a wet Monday morning, which was awesome.

I ve never enjoyed Mondays before in any previous job; this is a refreshing first! Our time came and we took turns firing at the different distances in different positions. I later found out that I was hitting the white patch of the target more often than not at 100m, which has filled me with confidence that perhaps I m not as terrible as I thought.

The rest of the day was spent waterproofing our kit and packing our bergens for Exercise FIRST STEP. A good few hours went into this, forgetting kit for exercise isn t advisable! Tuesday We spent the morning unpacking our bergens and showing our Section Commanders that we had all our kit.

Once all was confirmed, we set off for Exercise FIRST STEP. We arrived at our harbour area and were taught how we occupy one, then proceeded to do so. We were also taught about fire control orders, snap ambushes and sentry duties to name a few.

We set up our bashas, cooked our rations on our hexi cookers (which tasted awesome) and began stag rotation. My shift was 0100-0300 hrs. Staying awake was hard work but not as hard as finding my way back to my basha in the pitch black!

A long, fun and educational first day. Setting up our bashers Wednesday Reveille at 0430 hrs and after stand to straight into morning routine. This involves cleaning your rifle, wash/shave, boots and breakfast.

It hadn t stopped raining and the mud hindered us slightly. We failed our morning inspection and were debriefed by our Section Commanders; a good start to the day. Lessons came thick and fast where we were taught hand signals for patrolling, firing manoeuvres, monkey runs, and casevacs to name a few.

We were able to practise firing manoeuvres with blank rounds which was good fun and were also treated to a demonstration on how to suppress the enemy; something we can look forward to during Exercise HALFWAY. After dinner and lessons I took my position for stag duty at 2100 hrs. Stand-to was called and I had forgotten to pack my roll mat onto my Bergen.

Others had made similar mistakes and we were all disciplined by our Section Commanders. Lesson learned however. Once we d finished our re-education we went straight onto a night patrol; using our hand signals to keep silent and also incorporating our map reading skills, which was useful.

After the patrol, I had the job of setting up my sleeping area in darkness, a skill I need to get used to sharpish! With casevacing, leopard crawling and furious note taking, I was out like a light once I finally found my sleeping bag! Thursday Up again at 0430 hrs, this time with more sleep and a better understanding of what needs doing when.

A frantic morning routine took place and I thankfully wasn t scrutinised too heavily when inspected. Phew! Before we left our harbour area to head back to camp, we had to erase any evidence we were ever there.

This meant taking down our bashas, destroying the sentry positions we had made and removing tracks. After that we set off. When back at camp, we were tasked with completely cleaning our rifle of carbon, dirt and rust.

Carbon gets everywhere. Every time we thought we had our rifle clean, our Section Commander would instantly find more carbon! Eventually our rifles were to an ok standard and returned to the armoury.

We then had PT which was an intense swimming session. Muscle-ups and in-outs (in and out the pool quick-time) were the name of the game and we were even more exhausted than before. The final task was to climb up the diving board, turn around and fall backwards.

For some reason, the idea of doing this didn t agree with me at all. I couldn t breathe and began to violently shake. My first panic attack brilliant.

The PTI saw me and managed to calm me down, but I now felt like a wimp in front of my troop, not a great feeling. Wanting to face my fear, I ended up jumping off the board a few times normally. Still felt like a let-down though!

After swimming we had drill to try and polish up our skills for our drill test next Thursday. We want to pass, but we also want to be the best troop. Fingers crossed!

Friday In the morning we had sports for PT where our troop played football. I prefer this sort of exercise as you re not as aware how much running you re doing. The downside is I m horrendous at football.

With a last minute winner (which I even contributed to sort of), our team won 7-6. Happy with that! Afterwards we had another lecture on military law where we were told about chargeable offences such as falling asleep on stag.

Must make sure not to let this happen to me. We had an evening drill lesson, again just to brush up our skills. The downside to evening drill is the uniform.

A heavy green jumper which itches like mad and made me heave just putting it on a sight my section enjoyed immensely! After drill our time was our own. Admin it is.

Saturday In the morning we weighed our webbing and bergens for our first 10kg TAB (Tactical Advance to Battle). This is basically a fast-paced walk with bouts of jogging thrown in. None of us found this too bad, which is a good sign, although we all know this won t be the case for long!

After this was more drill, something we re all now not too shabby at. Sunday Today was our first opportunity to deal with the public as the face of the British Army. We were to act as marshals during a 26-mile charity run for Naomi House Children s hospice in Hampshire a very worthwhile charity.

Me and another recruit had checkpoint 28, five miles from the finish line and so would be trying to give the runners that last bit of encouragement needed to get them to the end. During our stint as marshals, we had kids waving at us, adults smiling at us, a local resident even brought out coffee and homemade cookies to us. It s a really good feeling doing a job which is appreciated by so many and I m prouder than ever to be doing what I m doing.

Despite being a long day, I m glad we did it and glad we were able to help out towards such a good cause. Visit Recruit Vaughan s page 1 and read about his journey Find out about joining the Army 2 Find out about ATR Winchester 3 This entry was posted in Army 4 , ATR Winchester 5 , Phase1 6 , Royal Artillery 7 and tagged a taste of Army 8 , adsc 9 , afco 10 , army development and selection centre 11 , army training centre 12 , army training regiment 13 , atr winchester 14 , basic training 15 , Biological 16 , British Army 17 , Casualty Drill 18 , CBRN (Chemical 19 , close combat 20 , core values 21 , inspection 22 , instructor 23 , interview 24 , jerry can test 25 , join the army 26 , marksmanship 27 , military 28 , phase 1 29 , Phase 1 training 30 , physical training 31 , pirbright 32 , PT , Radiological and Nuclear) 33 , realities of war 34 , Recruit 35 , recruit vaughan 36 , Recruit Andrew Vaughan 37 , rifle 38 , Royal Artillery 39 , running club 40 , soldier 41 , the Army 42 , training 43 , Troop Commander 44 , Troop Sergeant 45 , Winchester 46 . Bookmark the permalink 47 .

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You're in the Army now: First Step, football and feeling good | The …

Even More Tales From The Tap Room: Guildhall Hotel/Tavern 1920s

Folkestone Express 27-9-1924 Tuesday, September 23 rd : Before Messrs. G.I. Swoffer and W.R.

Boughton, and Dr. W.W. Nuttall.

John Palmer, a farmer of West Hythe, was charged with being drunk and disorderly on Saturday. He pleaded Guilty. Inspector Pittock said at 9.35 p.m.

on Saturday he went into the Guildhall public house, in consequence of what he had heard. He there saw the defendant, who was drunk. He made a communication to the landlord, and Palmer went out of the house, where he was joined by six other men.

They all went into the East Kent Arms, so he followed them. He told Palmer that he had had enough to drink, and that he had better get out of the house. He went outside the house, and struggled when others tried to get him away by a bus.

He eventually took him into custody, and at the police station he charged him with being drunk and disorderly. At Palmer`s own request a doctor was called in and examined him. The doctor issued a certificate stating that the prisoner was suffering from the effects of alcohol.

The Clerk said the certificate was given by Dr. C. Barrett.

Defendant said he was very sorry. He had been to Canterbury all day. He there bought a horse, and he had the misfortune for the animal to drop down dead.

That rather upset him, so he had one or two drops of whisky. He had not been used to drink. If the Magistrates would overlook that case he would give them his promise that he would not drink anything again.

Mr. Beesley (the Chief Constable) said there were 42 previous convictions for various offences, including drunkenness, obscene language, and assaulting the police. The Magistrates fined the defendant 2, and when he asked for time in which to pay, the Clerk said the money could be paid out of the 16 which was in the defendant`s possession when taken into custody.

Folkestone Express 13-3-1926 We regret to have to announce the death of Mr. James Tunbridge, of Laudec Villa, 74, Radnor Park Road, and which took place in the Royal Victoria Hospital on Monday morning. He was 76 years of age, and had enjoyed good health until about a month ago.

The deepest sympathy, we are sure, will be extended to the members of the family, who are left to mourn a very great loss. He leaves a widow, three sons and a. daughter, nine grandchildren and three great-grand children.

Ever a fine personality, the late Mr. Tun bridge was characterised by his extreme geniality and goodwill. He was a typical old English gentleman, who had won the highest esteem of those whom he came in contact.

He was ever ready to help those in distress, and some of his staunch advice proved invaluable. His kindly nature had won the admiration of his fellow men. He celebrated his golden wedding on Christmas Day, 1921, the marriage taking place at the Holy Trinity Church, Dover, on Christ mas morning, 1871.

He was born at Alkham, the village midwav between Folkestone and Dover, and was a son of the late Mr. Thomas Tunbridge. He was a brother of the late Mr.

Tilden Tunbridge. He was a carpenter, and was employed on the South Eastern Railway for twelve years. He was one of the first to commence the work on the projected Channel Tunnel.

He assisted in the building of Shorncliffe Station and was foreman-in-charge of Cheriton Arch Station, which, at the present time is known as the Central Station. He became the proprietor of the Castle Inn, Foord, and subsequently resided at the Guildhall Vaults, the Railway Bell, and the Fountain Hotel, Seabrook. He retired from business in 1917.

He was the chairman of the Licensed Victuallers Society on three occasions, and was the chairman of the Licensed Victuallers Mineral Water Co. for six years. He was exceedingly fond of bowls, and was a member of the Hythe Bow ling Club.

He was quite content and happy when trundling the woods . He was, in his time, an excellent shot, and was probably on e of the best shots in the neighbourhood. He was greatly devoted to shooting, and with!

his canine friend and a gun and cartridges, would make his way to the woods, where he spent many happy hours. He loved a game of billiards, and was known to be a very good welder of the cue, and was a rather formidable exponent of the game. He came to Folkestone 47 years ago.

He was a member of the Brotherhood of the Cheerful Sparrows, and also of the Folkestone Club. The funeral took place yesterday (Thurs day), at the Folkestone Cemetery, when the Vicar of St. John s Church (the Rev.

J. B. Cowell) officiated at the Church and at the graveside in the Folkestone Cemetery.

Folkestone Herald 13-3-1926 We regret to announce the death on Sunday of Mr. James Tunbridge, of 74, Radnor Park Road. The deceased, who was seventy four years of age was widely known in the town and district.

In his early days he followed the occupation of a carpenter and was employed on the South Eastern Railway for twelve years. He was one of the first to start on the work of the Channel tunnel, the site of which was afterwards utilised for a coal boring. He helped to build Shorncliffe Station, and was foreman-in-charge of the erection of Cheriton Arch Station, subsequently known as Radnor Park and now as the Central Station.

As a licensed victualler he was in turn licensee of the Castle Inn, Foord, Guildhall Vaults, Railway Bell, and the Fountain Hotel, Seabrook. In his particular calling deceased was regarded as a model, inasmuch as he always acted strictly in accordance with the licensing laws. He was for some time Chairman of the local Licensed Victuallers` Association, and also acted in a similar capacity for the Folkestone and District Licensed Victuallers` Mineral Water and General Supply Coy., Ltd.

In both these positions he enjoyed the full confidence of the members. He retired from business about nine years ago. Decease was a great devotee of the outdoor life.

He loved a game of bowls, and nothing gave him greater pleasure than to handle the woods on the greens of the Hythe Bowling Club, of which he was a member up to the time of his death. He found great pleasure, too, with his gun and dog amid the wheaten stubble on autumn and winter days. He was widely regarded as a dead shot .

A respected member of the Folkestone Club, he also enjoyed a game of billiards, and could give a good account of himself with the cue and ivories. The late Mr. Tunbridge was born at Alkham, but had resided in Folkestone practically all his life.

He celebrated his Golden Wedding on Christmas Day, 1921, and on that occasion, with his devoted partner, was the recipient of presents from many friends. Deceased was a typical Englishman. He was outspoken to a degree, straight as a die , and a real manly man.

As such he was regarded by all who had the privilege of his acquaintance. He was a friend to many, and did a lot of good by stealth. To his widow and surviving family (three sons and one daughter) much sympathy is extended.

The funeral took place at the Cemetery on Thursday afternoon. Folkestone Express 15-5-1926 Saturday, May 8 th : Before Mr. G.I.

Swoffer Alderman C E. Mumford, Mr. A.

Stace, Dr. W.W. Nuttall, Col.

Broome-Giles. Corpl . Joseph James Newall, of the 1st Royal Warwickshire Regiment, was charged with wilfully breaking a hurricane lamp in Beach Street on Friday night, the property of the Corporation, and of the value of 2s.

Prisoner pleaded not guilty. Joseph Barrett, casual dock porter, employed by the Southern Railway Company, said he was in Beach Street on Friday night, at 9.40, and saw three soldiers, two privates and an N.C.O. As the soldiers got in line with him lie heard the remark We will go on strike.’ A hurricane lamp on a caution board was struck, and the glass broke.

The N.C.O. struck the lamp with his cane. He reported the matter to P.C.

Simpson, and the soldier was then running in the direction of Tontine Street. P.C. Simpson blew his whistle, and gave chase.

Later he identified en the prisoner at the police station. P.C. Simpson said that when lie gave led chase he missed prisoner at Harbour Street.

He returned to Beach Street, and took the other two soldiers to the police station for enquiries. Later he saw defendant in the custody of Sergt. Hollands.

Prisoner was paraded with other men, and in fairness to himself was allowed to wear a private s jacket. He was identified by the last witness, and when charged made no reply. Sergt.

Holiands said he last saw prisoner at the London and Paris Hotel, and from what he was told he went up the Bayle steps, and saw defendant come from a passage at the rear of the houses. He stopped him outside the Globe Inn, and said Where did you come from, Tommy? He replied I have just left my young lady in that passage .

He noticed he was out of breath, and his face was flushed. He said to him You look like the soldier I am looking for. You come back with me, and we will find your young lady .

Prisoner indicated the place where he thought she went in, and he made enquiries but failed to find any young lady who knew prisoner. Prisoner said he left barracks at 7-3O p.m., and came into the town. He had two drinks in the Guildhall, left there, and went to the Brewery Tap, and had about four drinks there.

He came out about 9-16, and made his way down to the harbour. He went into another place. There was a girl sitting there, and, as soldiers did, he gave her the glad-eye .

He got into conversation with her, and had a couple of drinks. It wanted about two minutes to 9.30, and he asked her if she would go for a walk round, and she said Yes . She took him round some steps, and he started to talk to her, and arranged things for the following night and left her.

He came up the passage way, and when he had gone about fifty yards the Sergt. caught hold of him. He (prisoner) refused to go at first, and asked why he had taken him.

Sergeant Hollands went to one house only, and asked if the daughter had been out with a soldier. The woman said “No . A civilian went running up, and said he had seen a girl go down the other steps.

They took him to the Station and they started to argue so he said he would make a complaint. He could not say much, because there was six speaking to him, and he kept his mouth closed He was not with the other soldiers. An officer said prisoner s military character was good.

He had had about four years service. He was made Lance-Corporal in 1923, an d promoted to full Corporal in March, 1925. T here was nothing against him at all.

The Chairman said they considered the case proved, and he would be fined 5s., 2s. the costs of the damage, and 2s.

6d. witness costs (9s 6d).

They thanked Mr. Barrett for the trouble he had taken, and the very nice way he had given his evidence. Folkestone Herald 15-5-1926 Saturday, May 8 th : Before Mr.

G.I. Swoffer, Alderman C.E. Mumford, Mr.

A. Stace, and Dr. W.W.

Nuttall. Corporal Joseph James Newell, of the 1 st Battn. R.

Warwickshire Regt. was charged with wilfully damaging a hurricane lamp, the property of the Corporation. He pleaded Not Guilty.

Joseph Barratt, a casual dock porter, employed by the Southern Railway, said the previous night about 9.30 he was in Beach Street, when he saw three soldiers two privates and one N.C.O. There were two road notice boards, one at each end of Beach Street, and on each board were two lamps. As the soldiers came into line with him (witness) he heard the remark passed We will go on strike , and as soon as the remark was passed the lamp was struck.

The N.C.O. who now stood in the dock did it. P.C.

Simpson deposed that at 9.40 p.m. the previous evening he was proceeding from the Fish Market into Beach Street, when he heard the last witness shout That soldier has broken a danger lamp . The soldier was on the run about 50 yards ahead.

Witness immediately blew his whistle and gave chase. Prisoner ran into Harbour Street, where the chase was taken up by Sergt. Hollands.

Prisoner was paraded in witness`s presence at the police station with seven other men, and was allowed to put a private`s tunic on. All the men were dressed alike. Prisoner was picked out by the last witness.

When charged he made no reply. Sergt. Hollands said he chased the prisoner, who ran round the corner of the London and Paris Hotel.

From what he was told, witness continued up the Bayle Steps on to the Bayle Parade and by the Globe Inn he saw prisoner, who said he had just left his young lady. He made enquiries where prisoner said his young lady had gone, but could not find her. Prisoner said he had had two drinks at the Guildhall, and then went to the Brewery Tap, where he had four drinks.

He came out at about sixteen minutes past nine and went towards the Harbour. He went into the London and Paris, where he saw a young lady, got into conversation with her, and asked her what she would have to drink. About two minutes to half past nine they went for a walk round and the young lady took him round the back and up some steps to the very top.

When they reached the top they talked and made arrangements for the next night, and he left her. When he came through the alleyway the Sergt. came up to him and caught hold of him.

The Sergt. only went to one house, and that satisfied him. Afterwards a civilian came up the road and said a girl had come out of the alley.

He (prisoner) was not with the two other soldiers. An officer said prisoner`s military character was good, and had no civil convictions. Prisoner was fined 5/- and ordered to pay 2/- for the damage to the lamp, and 2/6 witness`s expenses, making 9/6 in all.

The Chairman, calling Barratt before the Bench, said the Magistrates thanked him for the trouble he had taken. Folkestone Herald 3-11-1928 We regret to announce the death, on Wednesday, of Mr. George Bradstone Cozens, proprietor of the Guildhall Hotel, Folkestone.

Deceased, who was 63 years of age, had resided in Folkestone for 13 years, having previously held a licence at Potter`s Corner, near Ashford. Mr. Cozens served 23 years in the Army (R.A.M.C.) and saw active service in the Egyptian War (1884-6) and also throughout the Boer War.

He held both the Khedive`s and the Queen`s Medal, and retired with the rank of Warrant Officer. Deceased was a member of the Folkestone and District Licensed Victuallers` Association, and also of a similar organisation in the Ashford division. Of a gentle and retiring disposition, he won the general esteem of a large number of his fellow citizens.

General sympathy is extended to his widow.

The funeral will take place at Golders Green today.

Even More Tales From The Tap Room: Guildhall Hotel/Tavern 1920s



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