ISRO launches unmanned mission, “Mangalyaan,” to Mars
I am back, with some more good news.
India’s ISRO launched its maiden unmanned Mars Orbiter Mission (heretoforth MOM), dubbed Mangalyaan (मंगलयान or Mars-Craft). Interestingly, the launch happened on a Tuesday, the day of the week dedicated to the Roman god of war, Mars.
The aim of this mission, in particular, is to detect the presence of methane, and thereby, get some pointers towards the possibility of life.
Definitive conclusions are likely to be elusive, but the spacecraft’s Methane Sensor for Mars (MSM) instrument will aim to make measurements and map any potential sources of methane “plumes”.The spacecraft will also examine the rate of loss of atmospheric gases to outer space. This could provide insights into the planet’s history; billions of years ago, the envelope of gases around Mars is thought to have been more substantial.
The benefits of this mission, in general, go beyond the aforementioned objectives.
The satellite launch vehicle, India’s workhorse, PSLV-XL C25
The Mars Orbiter
This is just the beginning. There are many more critical steps before this project can be called a success. Hitherto, only the first step has gone off smoothly.
The formal name for the route MOM will take to Mars is a “Hohmann Transfer Orbit”. The spacecraft takes advantage of a favourable planetary alignment, carrying out six small engine burns over November to lift it to a higher orbit before a final burn sends it off on an interplanetary trajectory.
Therefore, we all seek the divine blessings of Mars, the god of war.
God of war, Mars, on a chariot
Still struggling with the wildlife on Earth though;
Somehow, I can see Sixty sending this thread off to the NAAFI or the Hole pretty sharpish, as it’ll be a nightmare to mod in CA.
This is an achievement for mankind.
Adequate sanitation is an “achievement for mankind”.
Backed up with all that technology the reasoning and enlightened Indians are now off treasure hunting because some old swami had a dream that 1000 tons of gold were buried in a manky old fort!
….strangely they haven’t found it yet!
National bottom lips began to wobble, the cost, the embarrassment, the damage to a monument etc. etc. etc….. but the swami is apparently above reproach….”I’m a f@cking saint me like….it says so on the door…….how dare you question my veracity…I’ve got a big f@ck off beard and everything…….I’m going to tell David Icke about you!”
According to a report by the Walk Free Foundation entitled The Global Slavery Index 2013, India is listed as the worst country for people living under conditions of slavery with 14 million suffering.
I wonder what kind of an economic powerhouse they would be without them?
Hmm – forced marriage isn’t quite the same thing as slavery IMHO, and I bet including that in the defenition bumped the figures right up.
When does an ‘arranged’ marriage become ‘forced’ as far as their calculations go.
Not excusing any of it, mind, and ‘India is a shithole’ – well there’s a surprise.
Wow, that and the world leader in sex crimes. I wonder what’s next.
What could go wrong?
Didn’t earth claim to be some sort of aircraft engineer?
There’s no way I’ll ever get on one.
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See the original article here
Air India and the Dreamliner
On the 25th March 1889 in Gosport, George William Bone joined the Regular British Army as a Royal Engineer as he had a trade as a Wheelwright and having served in the South Hampshire Volunteers. The Army was in a state of evolution and was far from its’ completion. Indeed only lessons learnt during the Boer War and again on the bloody fields of France did they finally remove some of the notions and tactics that had been used so effectively against Napoleon a century before.
All Royal Engineers are trained as Infantry men and able to fire their Lee Metford (later Lee Enfield) rifles and cope under fire. They would also be given further training in their field of expertise as well as more general duties and skills. The Uniforms had moved away from the traditional scarlet towards Khaki which was unofficially adopted in India in the 1950s but spread to General use after the battle of Gennis in 1885.
A double breasted tunic was issued and was to be maintained by the soldier. Failure to do so would have led to disciplinary and pay stoppages for wear and tear. For head gear the home regiments were issued helmets similar to the Prussian Pickelhaube in black with the regimental badge at the front.
For active service in Africa and India the more practical Pith helmet was issued. However this was uniformly white and was obviously fairly visible over a distance and so soldiers were allowed to dye them. This was generally done with Tea but by the advent of the Boer War a cloth cover was provided for the helmet.
Gear was to be carried in pouches on belts and valise to distribute weight and allow soldiers to move more freely in combat with the pack as the standard kit carrier being relegated to marches and advances but not necessarily needed on the battlefield. The Lee-Metford rifle was the standard rifle used by the British soldiers in the 1880s and was used up to and during the Second Boer War. The rifle used the Lee patterned rear locking bolt system which made clearing the breach easier than the predecessor the Henry-Martini as the bolt was above the trigger so the rifleman only had to move his hand a small way before pulling it to 60 degrees rather than the Mauser’s 90.
This should make the rifle more user friendly and up the rate of fire of the average infantryman. Indeed it had a rate of fire of 20 rounds a minute with the record being 38 aimed shots in a minute! This is despite having a magazine of 10 rounds and would require reloading the bullets which were either individually mounted or on strips of five .303 rounds.
This would have been the rifle George was trained with and used for most of his military career. It was, however being phased out by the time of the Boer war as it was still using black-powder loaded cartridges giving off smoke when fired. As the Metford could not be remodelled for cordite loaded cartridges without regular re-rifling and so an alternative was sought out.
The Lee Enfield rifle was basically the same pattern as the Lee Metford but with a squarer shaped rifling which had a greater durability with the increased heat and pressure of the cordite’s reaction. Both rifles were incredibly accurate over a range of 800 yards for the Lee-Metford and 550 for the Enfield and up to 1800 and 3000 respectively. British troops were trained to volley fire in tight formation which could provide a deadly wall of fire.
This had been standard drill for two centuries and had beaten many an advancing army. At the beginning of the First World War the German army believed that one British unit was solely armed with machine guns when in fact they were just well drilled rifle men armed with Enfields. Independent fire was not taught and soldiers were generally only allowed to fire when told to by their officers thus lowering the rapidity of shot.
British officers were also prone to ordering their men to fix bayonets at the beginning of battles thus adding extra weight to the end of the barrel which severely affected their aims. Further to that they were trained to fight in close order infantry formations. These tactics worked against colonial armies at Omdurman where the enemy was lightly armed and would charge en-masse but the Boer would soon prove that an entrenched enemy with modern field guns and with trained marksmen would make short work of these formations.
Barracks life was fairly repetitive with early morning drill and inspection. As a wheelwright he would have been kept fairly busy with maintenance and training of young sappers in how to carry out the trade. As a Corporal he would have aided a Sargent in command of a squad.
Unfortunately, at the moment I know little of his military career beyond the Boer War and although it is possible he had served in India or Africa in any number of colonial conflicts I cannot say for certain. In 1898 he married Mary Ann Williams in St Mary’s Church and together they moved to the Curragh Camp in County Kildare, Ireland where they would have lived in the married quarters or in the communal Engineers barracks. At the Curragh the divisions were hurriedly trained and amassed for the rising trouble in Africa.
As the tensions grew George found himself on a boat bound for South Africa as part of the defencive force to protect British interests. This was a War that for the fighting man held little interest.Where as World War One would attract a jingoistic attitude, this was another Colonial bush fire to stamp out as far as they were concerned. Whilst some were no doubt moved by the plight of the Uitlanders or that some of the younger lads were excited to see action I cannot help but think that George had an eye on the horizon and his wife and young son who was born in January 1899.
Family myth says that he never saw his boy Albert born but at the moment that is unsubstantiated.
Still I can’t help but think he may have had thoughts about what they would face in Africa, the war, the battles and duty mixed with feelings of regret at leaving Mary behind.
Read the article:
Random historical stories: George Bone and the British Army 1889 …
I thought this may be the best place to get an idea of what to do with these maps as they have been inherited from my Father in law.
The Trench Maps:
1, France Sheet 57C (linen / cloth), Ordanace Survey November 1917, 1:40,000, Edition 2, Looks unused and stored.
2, France Sheet 57D S.E. (linen / cloth), OSO 1915, 1:20,000, First Edition (“B” Series), little foxing on the edges, but clean internally
3, OVILLERS 57D S.E. 4 Edition 2C (linen / cloth), OSO 1916, Correction 26 July 1916, 1:10,000, little worn on one fold line, and small worn hole of fold corner.
4, BEAUMONT 57d S.E. 1 & 2 Edition 2D, Corrected 15 Aug 1916, 1:10,000, little foxing and worn fold corners when folded out, plus some real WWI dirt.
5, BEAUMONT to Pys and Irles down to Martinpuich (paper)Approximate British Front Line on the morning of 24-9-16. Few worn holes and fold lines.
Also have a couple of maps from the N. W. Frontier Province, 2nd Edition 1927. ZHOB & LORALAI Districts dated 1917.
My question is there a market for these maps as I want to make sure that they will be appreciated.
Thank you for any advice,
Trench maps are very collectible. Pop a post over on Great War Forum
There is a market, you could sell them to a dealer – Military Book dealers seems the best bet
Robert Garwood (Marlborough, Wiltshire)
Tim Harper (World War Books) (Tunbridge Wells, Kent)
Here is two for starters
How every you may get more your self selling them on ebay
Brilliant, thanks for the help
Two headlines from this week, alongside further border clashes with Pakistan:
Apparently they’ve reduced the cost by not fitting an arrestor wire system, aircraft simply stick to the shit drying on the deck.
This is all going to end in tears I suspect!
Mmm it will be a while yet.
Three years behind schedule.
Double the original projected budget and they will have emulated the standard British defence contract business model.
I am currently in a hotel in Mumbai and the missile launch was all over the local news this morning, that and the fact that aparently Pakistan armed forces have violated the cease fire between the two countries 5 time in the last 48 hours. Only seeing one side obviously!
They had an even bigger cake-and arrse party with their last purchase, the ex-Soviet Kiev class, Baku.
INS Vikramaditya – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Looks like they actually do….after all Brits have been selling to the Indians for a long time now…apparently it’s even a “home market,” whatever that means.
War and conflict is good business after all.
Hows a normal Military capability upping the ante ?
Asian Arms Race – india ups the ante
On Fire Dog Lake India Recognizes Dolphins as Non-Human Persons
Slippery slope in my opinion, someone will try to miss sell them a mortgage. Sushi anyone?
Click click, click clickety click click click!
Click click click click click click!
What’s that Flipper? You’re working in a call centre now?
The wannabe superpower in real shit state again….
….you couldn’t make this up!
Free food scheme to boost attendance kills off attendees.
Genius only a country with millions of malnourished people and a space programme could come up with.
The TV news said that it was all down to poor hygene. Now who would have expected that?
Mr Shashi accepted that the food was not checked before it was served. I beg to differ. It was checked by several hundred flies.
“Oh shit we’re out of salt Mong sahib!”
“Never mind, just use that big drum of lethal organo phosphate in the pantry, you know, the one between the overflowing open sewer and the temporary cholera mortuary, that tastes just like salt!”
oh no now the NHS will be using this ploy instead of the care pathway
“Now the investigators have to find out whether organo-phosphorous was accidental or there was some deliberate mischief.”
Mischief??? That’s a bit of an understatement.
…in a worse state than India!